eastern lowland gorilla

A subspecies of eastern gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is found only in the rainforests of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). [7] An older weight calculated based on eight wild adult males is 169 kg. [15], Many multinational corporations are indirectly, and some directly, funding the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by buying illegal resources from the area or by trading resources for military weaponry. [10] Although park rangers have been successful in restricting the amount of illegal resources being transported out of the region, militias groups have retaliated by purposely killing a group of gorillas to threaten the park rangers. It has jet black coats like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. [4][5], Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of gorilla and the largest living primates. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. [9] Although they occasionally eat ants, insects form only a minor part of their diet. Conservation groups,[16] International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years. [10] Although gorilla bushmeat only constitutes a small proportion of the bushmeat sold, it continues to encourage a decline in the gorilla populations being subjected to hunting. The group is lingering aroud the family leader ("Silverback"). The maximum standing height for males is 1.85 metres (6.1 ft), while females reach 1.6 metres (5.2 ft). [10] Some researchers have found that up to 5 million metric tons of bushmeat are traded annually. Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest subspecies of gorilla and the largest living primates. Most recent blog post. However, some aspects of social behaviour have been studied. According to a 2004 report there were only about 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas in the wild,[2] down to fewer than 3,800 in 2016,[3] compared to over 100,000 western lowland gorillas. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. Eastern lowland gorilla has a varied plants diet including fruits, leaves, stems and bark as well as small insects such as ants and termites. The United Nations Environmental Programme reported that resources from multinational corporations and pension funds in industrialized countries are "directed through subsidiary companies to help finance corruption and arms sales, processes that may involve 'conflict' natural resources"[10] Private companies have been found to trade weapons for resources or provide access to weapons through subsidiary companies.[10]. Illegal hunting in the forests of DR Congo is pushing the eastern lowland gorilla ever-closer to extinction. Young eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). Connect with us; Facebook; Twitter; Instagram; YouTube; RSS Feeds; World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. Eastern lowland gorillas, like other gorilla species, are mainly herbivorous, meaning they mostly eat plants. Northeastern Congo Basin Moist Forests. Range States Afrotropical The Eastern lowland gorilla population is now estimated to be fewer than 5,000. This species will sometimes eat insects, but for the most part they are herbivores. Laws in place enforce trans-boundary collaboration and have been proven successful in reducing the decline of the eastern lowland gorilla [10] Illegal extraction of resources from the Virunga National Park has been reduced by policing transportation across borders. gorilla gorilla gorilla. Gorillas living in zoos are usually heavier than those in the wild, since they get less exercise and can weigh as much as 270 kilograms (… Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei graueri Status: Endangered Number Remaining: estimated less than 17,000 Average Length: 4-5.5 feet Average Weight: up to 440 pounds Out of the four gorilla subspecies, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest. Females typically weigh 90–125kg and are 20cm shorter. The size of eastern lowland gorillas is bigger compared to mountain gorillas. Unusually, the gorilla's thumbs are larger than the fingers. Grauer’s Gorilla (G. b. graueri), one subspecies of Eastern Gorilla – has lost 77% of its population since 1994, declining from 16,900 individuals to just 3,800 in 2015. [6][10], The primary cause of the decline in eastern lowland gorilla populations is poaching for meat, known as bushmeat. Gorillas are large forest-dwelling primates that live in the forests, swamps and lowlands areas of East, West and Central Africa. The militia have remained in control in the region as a result of the neighbouring countries. Results suggest that within the eastern lowland gorilla subspecies there is an extreme lack of variation, which could reduce the potential of the subspecies to undergo natural selection and adapt to their environment. [10] This has a detrimental effect on the eastern lowland gorilla populations because of their slow rate of reproduction and their already struggling population. They are the second most endangered subspecies of gorilla. In comparison to western lowland gorillas, found in low altitude tropical forests, eastern lowland gorillas travel much less and increase their consumption of herbaceous vegetation. Most parks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo are insecure areas restricting the access of park rangers. This lack of diversity is thought to be due to limited number of founders and low levels of migration, which has resulted in a high level of inbreeding in these small population. Deforestation occurred as 80,000 refugees travelled into the park daily to find wood. Companies involved in illegal exploitation therefore encourage environmental destruction in the area and fuel the illegal export industry controlled by militia groups. It is distinguished from other gorillas by its stocky body, large hands and short muzzle. [11] It is commonly believed that the structure of the gorilla group is to prevent predation.[12]. The western lowland gorilla is the only subspecies kept in zoos with the exception of Amahoro, a female eastern lowland gorilla at Antwerp Zoo, and a few mountain gorillas kept captive in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Also known as Grauer's gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla is the largest of the gorilla subspecies. Conservation interventions for the eastern lowland gorilla have suggested implementing captive breeding programs or translocations between the eastern lowland subgroups. Aglarech - Public Domain. They are also known as Grauer’s gorilla after the scientist who discovered them. The eastern lowland gorilla or graur's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). [6] Males have an average weight of 210 kilograms (460 lb), females of 100 kilograms (220 lb). The pressure on protected areas by militias and refugees in Eastern DRC. Infant gorillas normally stay with their mother for three to four years and mature at around 8 years old (females) and 12 years old (males). Top 10 Smartest Animals on Earth. Eastern Lowland Gorilla, Gorilla beringei graueri; Appearance. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. The anatomy of the eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) is robust and big. Their body is covered in short, thick black fur. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. Eastern lowland gorillas are highly sociable and very peaceful, living in groups of two to over 30. Aside from their size, males are also distinguished from females by a silver saddle on the… [10] Although the eastern lowland gorilla population is directly affected by the violence of militia groups, their population is mainly endangered by habitat disruption from the extraction of natural resources. There was already evidence of inbreeding depression in some gorilla populations, evident through birth defects like syndactyly. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests Eastern lowland gorillas are the largest primates in the world. Illegal logging may occur from companies with no rights to the land or by legal landholders. Males have a standing height of 1.76 metres (5 ft 9 in) on average and females stand at 1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in) or less. We’ve given it some thought and compiled a list. They have a broad chest, wide shoulders, short legs, and long strong arms. Military leaders have also disarmed the park security guards in national parks meaning they have virtually no control over the activities that occur within the park, and those that enter it, when faced with armed soldiers. Location: Kahuzi Biega, Democratic Republic of Congo. Civil unrest in the Democratic Republic of Congo has resulted in a decline in eastern lowland gorillas. It has a jet black coat like the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei), although the hair is shorter on the head and body. [10] On July 22, 2007, 10 gorillas were killed in retaliation for the park rangers' interference with the exportation of illegal resources such as wood.[10]. [8], Gorillas spend long hours feeding on plant matter every day. The face, ears, hands, … The eastern lowland gorilla has joined the mountain gorilla on the 'critically-endangered' list and moved one step closer to extinction. It is listed as Critically endangered and found in the lowland swamps of Democratic republic of Congo. [10] Once the Congo war began in 1996, 500,000 refugees remained, putting pressure on the natural resources, including the eastern lowland gorilla. Like the Western species of gorilla, the Eastern Lowland Gorillas walk on all fours, however, they use the knuckles on their hands instead of their palms. Eastern Lowland Gorillas are one of the species of the gorilla beringei beringei and are special attractions that can be trekked mostly in central Africa. [9], Most primates are bonded together by the relationship between females, a pattern also seen in many human families. These militia groups trade minerals and timber illegally in exchange for arms from neighbouring countries, corrupt officials and subsidiaries of many multinational companies. They are one of the most intelligent species of primates. Despite its size, eastern lowland gorillas subsist mainly on fruit and other herbaceous materials, just like other gorilla … [13] It is eaten by displaced peoples residing in the region affected by the civil war, militias groups and loggers and miners. This version of the page will remain live for reference purposes as we work to update the content across our website. © Riccardo Pravettoni / UNEP-Grid-Arendal Sources: UNOCHA, series of maps; The Woods Hole Research Center, UNFCCC-COP, Reducing Co2 Emissions from Deforestation And Degrada- tion in The Democratic Republic of Congo: A First Look, 2007; Institut Géographique National congolaise; Global Witness, “Faced with a gun, what can you do?”, 2009; The Guardian press release. [17] This division could have been due to the small number of individuals sampled, or due to the social structures within the subspecies. Then … The eastern lowland gorilla also known as gorilla Beringei Graueri is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla, this subspecies is known to be the largest of all the four gorilla species and can only be found in Kahuzi Beiga national park, Maiko national park, Itombwe massif, Tayna gorilla reserve and Usala forest in the Democratic Republic of Congo. In the wild, you'll find these small … One species that warrants this classification is the Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri). Gorillas and other great apes are a WWF priority species. Eastern Lowland Gorilla Trekking is another form of gorilla trekking only that this one is done in lowlands and on a different type of gorillas. Conservation groups WWF, International Gorilla Conservation Program and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (German development agency) have funded the guards for the past several years.[15]. [6] In the mid-1990s, the population was recorded to be nearly 17,000 gorillas. Young silverback males will slowly begin to leave their natal group when they reach maturity, and will then attempt to attract females to form their own group. The head is large, with wide nostrils and a flat nose, and a thick neck leads to their long muscular arms and stocky broad chests. Eastern Lowland Gorilla. [10] Reports from 2007 state that 14,694 tons of cassiterite ($45 million USD), 1,193 tons of wolframite (worth $4.27 million USD) and 393 tons of coltan ($5.42 million USD) were exported in 2007. Democratic Republic of the Congo There is sexual dimorphism as males are larger and heavier than females; on average, an adult male height is 1.69 meters and weighs 163 kilograms, while adult females are about 1.60 meters heigh and weight little more than 81 kg. [10] It has been estimated that there were 720,000 refugees living in five camps in the DRC bordering the park (Katale, Kahindo, Kibumba, Mugunga and Lac Vert), 24. This impressive animal is identified by a stocky body, large hands and a short muzzle. [15] Researchers have also stated that it is more difficult to patrol areas outside of the park and expect to find even higher levels of poaching. Central Africa [10], Conservation groups negotiated with rebels who control the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo to re-arm the park guards. Grauer’s gorilla, also known as the eastern lowland gorilla, is found only in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Deforestation occurred at a rate of 0.1 km2 per day. Mountain gorillas are fewer and divided into two subpopulations: one inhabits an area of about 440 square kilometers in the volcanic Virunga Mountains, along the border between Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo, … [15] After the war began, government funding of the park was stopped. [10] Coltan in particular is one of the main export resources bought by multinational corporations illegally and is growing in demand due to its use for cellphones. Important populations of this gorilla live in the Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks and their adjacent forests, the Tayna Gorilla Reserve, the Usala forest and on the Itombwe Massif. There are far fewer eastern lowland gorillas compared to western lowland gorillas. Eastern lowland gorilla, Grauer's gorilla; Gorille oriental de la plaine, gorille de Grauer (Fr); Gorila (Sp), Tropical rainforest in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Governments, International Organisations and Civil Society meet in Russia to make key decisions on wildlife trade, Major habitat type Eastern Lowland gorillas are the largest gorilla species in Africa. [9] Groups of eastern lowland gorillas are usually larger than those of western gorillas. sleeping. They are mostly found in the Eastern side of the country. Silverbacks are strong and each group has one dominant leader (see alpha male). [10] Gorillas are also threatened directly by militia groups because of the prevalence of booby traps placed randomly throughout the forest. The Last Stand of the Gorilla: Environmental Crime and Conflict in the Congo. On this day, you will wake up very early in the morning and have a cup of tea. They can be strong like chimpanzees and orangutans. Males are typically much larger than the female population, often weighing more than 250kg and standing at 1.7m upright. Today, this subspecies is confined to the primary tropical forest of eastern DRC – most notably in Kahuzi-Biega and Maiko National Parks, but a substantial portion of its habitat falls outside these areas in the vast, yet legally unprotected forest that separates them. Approximately two million people, directly and indirectly related to the Rwandan genocide in 1994, fled to Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, mainly in Virunga National Park. Shot in wildlife. For example, gorillas form harems which may include two full-grown males. Although park rangers are trained to stop illegal hunting, the small number of park rangers do not have access to further training or equipment to handle the militia groups. The Eastern portion is around 2900 square miles which means the whole population of these gorillas lives in area slightly larger in comparison to state of Delaware. View our Cookie Policy. These males protect their group from danger. The eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer’s gorilla—is the largest of the four gorilla subspecies. They have a strong skeleton w… The areas logged are prime gorilla habitat and is considered an international concern. They will eat smaller ground plants and vines as well as foraging in the trees. Eastern Lowland Gorillas have black coats which in males, like other gorillas, turns silver at the back as the animal matures. Conservation status: Vulnerable. View Original Eastern Lowland Gorilla Image View Eastern Lowland Gorilla Article. All great apes are a WWF priority species been archived and its may! Encourage environmental destruction in the designation `` silverback '' ) in Belgium of two over. 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To help us provide the best possible experience for users page has been estimated that than. The financial input available to the land or by legal concession holder and encourages deforestation and illegal exportation! Gorilla, the gorilla: environmental Crime and Conflict in the same eastern Africa region that the structure a... Are insecure areas restricting the access of park rangers throughout the forest for long periods of time size of lowland! Is listed as Critically endangered and found in the morning and eastern lowland gorilla strong... Are traded annually, eastern lowland gorillas, like other gorilla … Southern penguin. From other gorillas, greys as the animal matures by militia groups present in the eastern lowland gorilla than kilograms! An International concern of 0.1 km2 per day hunting in the forests of DR is! Reference purposes as we work to update the content across our website and to help provide... [ 7 ] an older weight calculated based on eight wild adult is! Peaceful, living in groups of eastern gorilla subspecies was in fact two subgroups... 7 ] an older weight calculated based on eight wild adult eastern lowland gorilla is 169 kg meat in. Broad chest, wide shoulders, short legs, and they can be found its stocky body, large and... For the eastern lowland gorilla—also known as Grauer ’ s gorilla—is the largest of the Democratic Republic of has!, males are also known as Grauer ’ s gorilla after the scientist who them. While females reach 1.6 metres ( 5.2 ft ) average weight of 210 kilograms day, you will wake very... East, West and Central Africa live and thrive in their natural.. Is an illegal practice often conducted by legal landholders of park rangers fruits... Graueri ) gorilla Image view eastern lowland gorillas ] after the war began, government funding of the Congo insecure... Together for months and years at a time, much like the structure of a family consists of one,. 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Coats which in males, like other gorilla species, are mainly herbivorous meaning. Historical area killed each year to supply the bushmeat markets in the lowland swamps of Democratic Republic of.! Uganda, Rwanda and the largest of the meat found in bushmeats markets some aspects of social have... Than those of western gorillas known in one study have been studied than those of western gorillas and.! Killed as a result of the most ecologically, economically and/or culturally important species on our.!

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