susan sontag against interpretation

0000001340 00000 n 0000003471 00000 n 21 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 23 /H [ 1060 301 ] /L 105399 /E 57788 /N 5 /T 104861 >> endobj xref 21 31 0000000016 00000 n Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. She closes with a very debatable punchline saying “in place of a hermeneutics we need and erotics of art”. 0000003230 00000 n 0000006869 00000 n 0000008501 00000 n Against Interpretation Susan Sontag The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. 0000001569 00000 n “Notes on Camp”, an essay was first published in 1964, and was republished in 1966 in her collection of essays, Against Interpretation. The title “against” does not mean that Sontag is against interpretation, rather it questions those that are against and tries to defend interpretation. 0000003004 00000 n H�t��n�0��~�9R��p�tL� p�[email protected],���šm��d�J�F/}�IyKRib�f>�K9�(K���AAUi�2���r*���ŕ30sx�n֎.n��ʙ�lG���)G'�Cy=aspMy^��k�MRFcy�BE����\um��� As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. Nothing was rejected in classical interpretation. In the latter, Sontag argues that in the new approach to aesthetics the spiritual importance of art is being replaced by the emphasis on the intellect.… Answering the question, what kind of criticism or commentary on the arts is disabled today, Sontag begins saying that works of art are ineffable and cannot be described or paraphrased. Therefore art was neither useful nor true. In conclusion Sontag advocates against looking at an interpreting art didactically or as a delight. In this case art began needing support from outside to appreciate it. Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world. As a critic (and fiction writer) herself, Sontag had some definite ideas about what criticism should and should not do. Download with Google Download with Facebook Sontag spelled out this critical program in her 1964 essay, “Against Interpretation,” which now appears in the Norton Anthology of Theory and Criticism in its most recent third edition—the sure sign of her domestication by American humanities. 0000004312 00000 n In a 1968 essay in Commentary, Irving Howe saw her as the “publicist” for a young generation of critics that was making its presence felt “like a spreading blot of anti-intellectualism.” Focusing on the woman rather than the work, other critics dubbed her “… Like Nietzsche, Sontag thinks we're too analytical, too divorced from our instincts, and a direct encounter with art is essential to enliven us. Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. 0000033967 00000 n She was against the Avant Garde movement pioneered by T.S.Eliot and Ezra Pound. As the name suggests, the essay is all about Susan’s idea of what interpretation is, and why she’s against it. New York: Picador, 2001. 0000003531 00000 n Sontag traces interpretation with all its doubtful, corollaries, to the classical theory of art as mimesis (imitation) of reality. "Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. Sontag’s criticism was marked by a formalist aversion to content. 0000001060 00000 n Download books for free. 0000054959 00000 n On the other hand, Sontag believes interpretation must be self-evaluated, with the historical view of human consciousness. … Happenings did not make me care less about Aristotle and Shakespeare. Here, Aristotle does not reject Plato but only adds more meaning to substantiate and defend the value of both the poet and his heart. When done indiscriminately the films in question begin to look alike, and the process reveals more about the critic … Susan Sontag’s Against Interpretation is an extremely thought-provoking piece because it criticizes some of the most fundamental principles we are taught to practice at a young age when attempting to understand art and literature: the work of interpretation. H�lTɒ�0��+�Q�b!ɋ��DAAAMQ|c8h��h�lef��晬���΀�so�����m[��v�*YS��W�?+�3�/b�b y��L�ٚ�f5�Hg��n�{q Susan Sontag was born in Manhattan in 1933 and studied at the universities of Chicago, Harvard and Oxford. Sontag's best-known work is On Photography (1977), a collection of essays dealing with the history of visual culture as well as its impact on both art and the national psyche. Interpretation has dominated art and literary criticism for hundreds of years and has been accelerated by Marxist ideology and Freudian psychology. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) Irrespective of the conceptions on the theories of art, whether art is a picture of social reality or of language, the content of it is what all finally look to (that something it says or it is trying to say or it has said). Find books Modern theorists following soon after the formalist school believed the theory of art as a subjective expression to the point of viewing art as semiotics (study of signs) and power relationships. 0000007687 00000 n Required fields are marked *. In "Against Interpretation" Susan Sontag takes a stand against the ancient trend of "interpretation." The only difference is in classical theory interpretation, only alter in order to reconcile meaning where insistent but respectful in their opinions and give one more meaning to the existing meaning without rejecting the original. In 1966 her first essay collection Against Interpretation was released to wide critical acclaim. She is also the author of four novels, a collection of stories and several plays. ����7��A_���~�-�yV�}V��ǜ�\�>z�1̰X;ݷ�0��jH��dž These modern theorists acting as interpreters question the truth and started excavating in order to create new meanings by “digging behind the text”. V)�D��A�94lڀ������4�XA�$� X�8�YI�Q/`�N�N�i>�L�5����g����EU�˫xᠷ��Y��5�L��C`�H�4����͇����l�A��[�i��:�p������.�ւ@.R�/OB�$o���n�����>�N�`�X*Ȭ��Æ���Pb9'U﬇��k�x�8. She talks about the past with the present interpretation. 0000001716 00000 n B�_��t�Ͱ�"V�crw7���u���o^PF�'��������T~��!���y:��Ŗ�X��ܜN?h1G>j,h�V�mpP���ޛ�G&�5��̄��0��I� ��fnY5M,�K8�dkۭ;�j���sm�������dD�Y�B`d�i2���q�3O&5�ѸB�W�q���j���0b�ͽ�9�̶ݦyƪ�(��Ҕ���s�%:�ծ~j|d�7�|��������(��r��L�0�f�\vDN�a?L�.������9_1�D̴:���D�����t2첖�5'P�q�J~|�0kAO\X^�*��4Ub/��w��\.��u=L�� �H�86��M��:�5S���>�d���� �6O� endstream endobj 32 0 obj 707 endobj 33 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 32 0 R >> stream The numerous writers that Sontag cites show that interpretation has only undone the gestalt of a work. She discusses and mixes the ideas of other writers and further differentiates two kinds of interpretation – form based interpretation and content based interpretation. Among the three interpretations, Kafka as Kafka is lost. The world here she refers to is the text in all it’s gestalt glory and this is what the interpreter recreates. Unlike most literary critics, Sontag believes that literary criticism is growing increasingly destructive towards the very works of art that they, supposedly, so … It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including 'On Style,' and the eponymous essay 'Against Interpretation.' Susan Sontag Against Interpretation 1964 莉 舒 2 mimetic theory need not close their eyes to decorative and abstract art. By three armies of interpreters one citing is writing as a social allegory, the other as psychoanalytic allegory and the third as a religious allegory. 0000006033 00000 n Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of … Susan Sontag’s “Against Interpretation” Susan Sontag is an American Critic who rejected New Criticism. She … The earliest theory of art, that of the Greek philosophers, proposed that art was mimesis, imitation of reality. H�b```f``Qa`e`�� �� ,@Q�@��,�Y�r�30L�s ,�Ȗ��Y�K7^��D`q�9�K=Mf?W?������� D��[email protected]��ţ�a�20Z{ii ���2�3�1��P.�\`��������A�CVc/�q'00Ɗ0�� f�� yeK�Ō��4{ d�- endstream endobj 51 0 obj 188 endobj 23 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 18 0 R /Resources 24 0 R /Contents [ 31 0 R 33 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R 39 0 R 41 0 R 43 0 R 45 0 R ] /Rotate 90 /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] >> endobj 24 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 26 0 R /TT4 25 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 47 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 29 0 R >> >> endobj 25 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 233 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 722 611 667 778 0 556 722 0 333 333 0 556 944 778 778 611 0 667 556 611 0 722 944 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 463 407 500 389 278 500 500 278 278 444 278 778 556 444 500 0 389 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 389 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /POEEFI+BookAntiqua-Italic /FontDescriptor 28 0 R >> endobj 26 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 151 /Widths [ 250 278 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 389 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 250 0 0 0 444 0 778 611 709 774 611 556 763 832 337 333 726 611 946 831 786 604 0 668 525 613 0 722 1000 667 667 667 333 0 333 0 0 0 500 553 444 611 479 333 556 582 291 234 556 291 883 582 546 601 560 395 424 326 603 565 834 516 556 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 500 500 0 0 1000 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /POEEBH+BookAntiqua /FontDescriptor 27 0 R >> endobj 27 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 923 /CapHeight 687 /Descent -282 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -136 -311 1154 1036 ] /FontName /POEEBH+BookAntiqua /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 92 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 46 0 R >> endobj 28 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 923 /CapHeight 687 /Descent -282 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -173 -307 1060 1041 ] /FontName /POEEFI+BookAntiqua-Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 75.85001 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 48 0 R >> endobj 29 0 obj [ /ICCBased 49 0 R ] endobj 30 0 obj 703 endobj 31 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 30 0 R >> stream Against Interpretation | Sontag Susan | download | Z-Library. Against interpretation The earliest experience of art must have been that it was incantatory, magical; art was an instrument of ritual. 0000003510 00000 n It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, including "On Style," and the eponymous essay "Against Interpretation." She strongly believes that in trying to establish the content of a work the interpreter avoids the form of the work. Sontag cites Thomas Mann as an over-cooperative author and “the mars ravishment” of Kafka. That is, in the classical period of interpretation, the old is not discarded but only revamped. %PDF-1.3 %���� (Cf. 0000007666 00000 n Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Susan Sontag, in “Against Interpretation,” takes a very interesting critical standpoint on the idea of literary interpretation. In the last, Sontag argues that in the new approach to aesthetics the spiritual importance of art is being replaced by the emphasis on the intellect. the paintings in the caves at Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, La Pasiega, etc.) She also asks for “a vocabulary of forms” that is like descriptive rather than prescriptive. The question as I would like to reposition it is, “is Sontag categorically against interpretation?” I would answer that Sontag is not against interpretation per se, but rules of interpretation; she is against the practise of using an interpretative grid over and over to “decode” disparate works of art. (Cf. 0000010040 00000 n “If I had to choose between the Doors and Dostoyevsky, then — of course — I’d choose Dostoyevsky,” Susan Sontag (January 16, 1933–December 28, 2004) wrote in the preface to the 30th-anniversary edition of her cultural classic Against Interpretation, then mischievously asked, “But do I have to choose? In the same way, Samuel Beckett is read as an absurd world of man’s alienation from meaning or from God and from the psychological point of view looked on as an allegory of psycho-pathology. on Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, Dr Vinay Lal’s Concepts of the Indian Diaspora. trailer << /Size 52 /Info 19 0 R /Root 22 0 R /Prev 104851 /ID[<3d534988814403b1a543876e3bfc6892><749e0604470652e71f85df57e493cacd>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 22 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 18 0 R /Metadata 20 0 R /PageLabels 17 0 R >> endobj 50 0 obj << /S 117 /L 202 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 51 0 R >> stream The chief commodity of Susan Sontag's "Against Interpretation," according to its own author and her reviewers, is a modern sensibility. The persuasiveness of “Against Interpretation,” for example, Sontag’s manifesto for a more immediate and sensual relationship with art, free of overly intellectualized mediation, is thoroughly undercut by the dry verbiage of the essay itself. Against Interpretation is an essay written by American critic Susan Sontag. "Against Interpretation" is the direct statement of this view. An interpreter exercises all the sensory experiences to set up a “shadow world of meanings” and “turn the world into this world”. It is a line that Susan Sontag quotes toward the ... by Against Interpretation (1966 ... the problem is one of interpretation. The theory of interpretation both makes and mars context as she believes that the task of interpretation is virtually one of translating through transforming. It is included in her 1966 collection Against Interpretation and Other Essays. 0000002416 00000 n She also believes that margins are always inverted. This is because it has been believed that literature or any work of art has two major functions; – ‘to teach’ and ‘to delight’ in trying to assimilate art into thought or art into culture. Susan Sontag is an avante-guarde writer (who discards conventions) who belongs to the American school of criticism. 0000001361 00000 n Sontag immediately addresses this, clarifying her use of the term at the start of section 3: Of course, … Thirdly she finds equally valuable those criticisms which are accurate, sharp and feels the form of a work of an art. 0000009324 00000 n 0000005139 00000 n Form is present in all animate and inanimate things even as content is. She has written novels like The Benefactor (1964) and Death Kit (1968) . Until the advent of New Criticism, the study of ‘form’ was never given a serious thought or exercised diligently. A work of art can be as Sontag believes that more attention to form in art should be given. On the other hand, modern theorists were radical, aggressive and dismissive in their act of interpretation. “Against Interpretation” in Against Interpretation and other Essays. So there has been two phases in understanding art – the innocent acceptance of art (needed no defence or support outside itself) and secondly, the experienced justification of what it says or attempts to say. ���{�N��/'��@S�NRM3 B0L�H�rK Rather than recognizing great creative works as possible … 0000006848 00000 n Against Interpretation was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 0000006012 00000 n Hence, the world of art gets depleted and impoverished in the transformation of ‘the’ to ‘this’ work, art or world. 0000009345 00000 n 0000008522 00000 n b���e�n9�I�,�z�v�9�.I �de� �v1�U��-Pׯ�렕��Q��B8S& Her non-fiction works include A gainst Interpretation, On Photography, Illness as Metaphor, AIDS and its Metaphors and Regarding the Pain of Others. As the only woman among the 1960s world of New York Jewish intellectuals, Sontag was both venerated and villainized, depicted as either a counter-cultural hero or a posturing pop celebrity. Against Interpretation closes with the platitude: “In place of a hermeneutics we need an erotics of art.” (Sontag, p.14) This is one of Sontag’s statements that promises more than it delivers. Susan Sontag in her essay “Against Interpretation” focuses on what an interpretation really is. [Susan Sontag] Against interpretation and other es(BookZZ.org) Amy Hollinrake Tune. She believes that it was the classical period which gave importance to ‘content’ of a work other than meaning and other things. Susan Sontag. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Your email address will not be published. Her best-known works include the critical works Against Interpretation (1966), Styles of Radical Will (1968), On Photography (1977), and Illness as Metaphor (1978), as well as the fictional works The Way We Live Now (1986), The Volcano Lover (1992), and In America (1999). Aristotle disputed this idea and interpreted that art is “medicinally useful in arousing and purging dangerous emotions” (catharsis). Hence, Sontag advocates against interpretations of a work that plays more importance in finding the meaning, message, intention in a work. 0000000967 00000 n She discusses and mixes the ideas of other writers and further differentiates two kinds of interpretation – form based interpretation and content based interpretation. Summary Sections 1–3. In reducing the work of art to its content, an interpreter “lames the work of art”. Susan Sontag’s Essay “Against Interpretation”, William Safran and Rogers Brubaker’s Views on Diaspora. Your email address will not be published. On the contrary, modern interpreters discarded established truths in order to recreate their own. If a reader learns to remove the content from focus, one will begin to see things as they are and as they should be. Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world. Susan Sontag. 0000005118 00000 n Susan Sontag in her essay “Against Interpretation” focuses on what an interpretation really is. Against Interpretation is a collection of essays by Susan Sontag published in 1966. What is needed according to her is to refine our senses “to see, more to hear more and to feel more”. Therefore interpretation does not give absolute and complete meaning that is it does not have absolute and complete meaning; that is, it does not have absolute value. She argues that, yet they both have looked upon art as (in Freudian terms) manifest content with the intention to communicate meanings alone. Susan Sontag addresses this in her essay Against Interpretation, which was published in 1966 by Farrar, Straus and Giroux. Plato speaks of the value of art being dubious, since the poet-creator is “twice removed from reality”. 0000004333 00000 n Notify me of follow-up comments by email. 0000033889 00000 n

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